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Full text of "Byers genuine wrought iron plates & sheets."

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BOSTON 



CHICAGO 



HOUSTON 



NEW YORK 



PHILADELPHIA 



ST. LOUIS 



WASHINGTON 



[BLANK PAGE] 




INTF- RNATIOMAI 



7 



o 




GENUINE wrought iron 



PLATES 



& 



SHEETS 



***** 



18 64 



S* WtOUG^J 



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A. 



. UYERS COMPWY 



PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA 



[BLANK PAGE] 





INTERNATIONAL 



BYERS (JEXIINE WROUGHT IRO\ 



PLATES 



& 



SHEETS 








ODAY initial cos I of materials 
is being swept aside in favor of lowest 
annual cost. The past few years have 
brought to industry a staggering mainte- 
nance bill that is resulting in a careful 
study of materials toward the achieve- 
ment of lower yearly costs. 

Every engineer knows that in addition 
to the cost of plates and sheets on a mill 
or warehouse floor there must be added 
transportation, fabrication and overhead. 
On most construction work in which 
plates or sheets are involved the material 
alone is usually less than half the cost of 
the completed, ready-to-opera Le installa- 
tion. The difference in cost of the corn- 
plot c installation, therefore, is increased 
but a small percentage when the most 
suitable materials are specifiod as opposed 
to those whieh'cost the least initially. 

There are many different metals from 
which the engineer may make his selec- 
tion. It should be remembered that the 
very general term "iron" originated with 
genuine wrought iron, and wrought iron 

today still qualifies under every known 

definition applied to that term. It is also 



(5) — Byere Wroughl Iron plates were used for tin • oal bins, chut< a and hoppers 
iti this k> omotivecoaliru tation built i" 1933 by the Missouri Pacific ilroad 
;.t Myrick, Mo. 



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-The roof of tl "run-down" tank, which is in service at one of 
the large Texas oil refineries, was fabricated from Byers Galvanized 

\\ mught Iron sheets. 






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im — Gat collection hoods made of B alvanized sheets ready foe 

installation in th< ttling tanks al tin Sewage Di^iosal Plant. South 
Ha\ i n. Mich. 




well to remember that wrought iron pos- 
sesses characteristics found in no other 
ferrous metal. In outward appearance 
only does it resemble some of the other 
metals commonly grouped with it. In 
their standard definition of terms the 
American Society for Testing Materials 
defines wrought iron as follows: 

"Wrought Iron — A ferrous material 
aggregated from a solidifying mass of 
pasty particles of highly refined met- 
allic iron with which, without subse- 
quent fusion, is incorporated a 
minutely and uniformh distributed 
quant il y of slag." 

In other words, genuine wrought iron 
is an intimate physical mixture of two 
components: namely, (1) a high purity 
iron base metal, and (2) iron silicate or 
"slag." as it is generally known. The slag 

content is distributed throughout the re- 
fined iron in the form of threads or fibres 

which extend in the direction of rolling. 
These non-rusting, glass-like slag fibres 

<:i\e wrought iron a structure \er\ sim- 
ilar to thai of a tough fibrous wood. \\ I 

a piece of wrought iron is fractured its 



"».i — All-welded smoke du< i made of I'. yens W rou#ht 
Iron plates, recently in-tailed in a round n< of 1 1 • • 
C. M Si P \P. It It . at (hi 



I 




(6) — Lease tanks made of Byers Wrought Iron plates installed by a 
large oil company at one of their Gulf Coast fields. 



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peculiar fibrous structure is most appar- 
ent. All other ferrous metals when frac- 
tured reveal a granular or crystalline 

structure. 

For a period of about twenty-five years, 

prior to 1930, Genuine Wrought Iron in 
the form of Plates and Sheets was not 
commercially available because of the 
inherent limitations in the production 
methods employed. Within the past ten 
years, however, developments and im- 
provements made by A. M. Byers Com- 
pany in the art of manufacturing genuine 
wrought iron coupled with the installa- 
tion of modern rolling equipment have 
made it possible for the company to re- 
introduce plates and sheets for the many 
services where genuine wrought iron has 
proved to be the most economical metal 

available. 

Although genuine wrought iron is the 

oldest of the ferrous metals there was a 

time, not so many years ago, when it 

seemed that the newer metals were going 

to replace it in a majority of the services 

for which it had proved most satisfac- 



Coal chutes made of Byers plates in service at the 



i i. onomowoc, Wis., plant of the Carnation Company. 




1 & 4) — Byers Wrought Iron plate pipe, sizes 1 1" to ."> I " O. D. was 
installed the latter part of 1933 at the Fleischmann Yeast Phut 
of Standard Brands, Inc., Peekskill, X. Y., for air process piping, 
river water supply and return lines and cold < ity wat'r lines. 





(2 & 1— The 24 " < >.D. w;tt«;r line on the South TVnth Street 

Bridge omt the Monongahelu Itivrr, PittsUirgh, was fabri- 

ited from Bycra plates by electric welding. 




torv- Today, however, industry is finding 

* • 

an increasing number of services where 
genuine wrought iron alone or in combin- 
ation with other metals permit a balanced 
design that assures maximum life at low 

yearly cost. 

Genuine wrought iron possesses two 
Airtues of interest to every engineer: 
(1) An exceptional resistance to most 
types of corrosion, and (2) the ability to 
resist fracture from fatigue caused by 

vibration. Both these virtues are the 
result of combining a metallic iron of high 
purity \\ ith non-rusting slag. The proof 

of these statements will he found in the 

many older ships, bridges, smoke stacks, 
tanks and underground pipe lines si ill in 
use. The service records of these old in- 
stallations can QOl be duplicated by any 
other ductile ferrous metal. 

In order to indicate some of the ser\ ices 



( 



lilies 



for whieli genuin 

and sheets are being used a number of 

photographs illustrating several different 



t\ pes of installations have been included 



in this bulletin. It will be observed from 



'. — Boiler IwiuhlHg Bind coal chute, Bade of Byer- |>l ''•- in- 
iMVdnt 0» »sho*ioii.» >hio, |4antof tl> I 'iiniHt ion Company 






«i 



I lie photographs that while the corrosive 
conditions to which the installations are 
subjected vary somewhat, they can all 
he grouped under a relatively few general 

classes. 

Experience indicates that for all prac- 
tical purposes the various types of corro- 
sion to which a majority of installations 
are subjected may be grouped under a 
small number of broad general classifica- 
lions. These are listed as follows: 




(5; — The shell of this water gas generator at the Kearny, 
New Jersey, plant of the Public Service Electric & Gas Com- 
pany was made of Byera Wrought Iron plates. 



1 . SOIL 

There are many types of soils and their 
corrosive action on underground metal 
structures varies from comparatively mild 
to very severe. Service data clearly in- 
dicate that of the commonly used ductile 
ferrous metals genuine wrought iron is 
the most satisfactory to withstand the 
\ arious degrees of soil corrosion. 



2. SUBMERGED 

This covers all installations in the var- 
ious types of fresh water where the metal 
surfaces are continually wet. Obviously, 








(5) — Both of these welded 
West Bend Aluminum Co., 
Byen Wrought Iron plates. 



e shirks »t the plant <»f the 

West FVnd, Wi ;ire made of 



7 





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5)— The casings protecting the metal columns 

Which support South Boston's Marine Park 
Pier are of Byers Wrought Iron plates. 



(2 & 4) — One of the butterfly valves made of 
Byers Wrought Iron plates, bars and angles 
recently installed by the U. S. Engineers in 
Lock No. 2, Allegheny River. 



(4)— Fuse box cabinets made of Byers sheets at 
the Rath Packing Company plant, Waterloo, la. 



Wl 



pending largely upon the type of water, but, on the 
average, genuine wrought iron can be expected to last 
longer and therefore cost less per year than any of the 
other commonly used ductile ferrous metals. 

3. SALT WATER AND BRINE 

This classification encompasses all service conditions 
where salt and its aqueous solutions are encountered. 
Engineering records definitely indicate that for instal- 
lations subjected to such conditions, particularly where 



l)— The entire hall of the U S, Public Health 

Serxice tu- T. B. M«C1mli desij: d b 
P \\ I lark, naval ar itect, WU mad« >f 
. i- W fought Iron plates. 




(6)— All welded *<>rt lank of Byers \\ rough t Iron 

p|.,t. rerently pla< ed in service by the Croft 

Brewing Company, Roxbury, Mass. 














(5)— Fabricating all-welded smoke jacks from 
Byers plates for installation in a Chirago 

roundhouse of the ( M. St. P. & P. R- R 





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I A 5)— The tinders* of the Park Sin Bridge Akron, Oh* 

, , s ing , Pennsyh nia, Erie and Baltimon & Ohio railroad 

track • prot i«<i from ocwro locomotive g - with H en 

\V rough! Iron plates. 




3 ^ \ nl rm of th« fin urt* let Iirns 

>i1n ilalh A oo I eon- » K ansa I tilroad l'>^r» N <- 

bl Nrm York < I the plai'-« and thf \h\h- mere of 




2 & 4) — Thr flap type subroergible Rate of \\w Marmel roller i\p< 
-I. mi in the Kanawha River near Charleston, W. Va., was fabricated 

from Byers Wrought Iron plates jirid structurals. 






5. COAL, AM) THE PRODUCTS OF 

COMBUSTION 

Uthoilgh lliis is a somewhat special 

classification it covers a number of ser- 
vices, such as coal and ash handling 

equipment, smoke slacks, breeching. 

flues, blast plates, Smoke jacks and duels, 

where (he corrosive influences are all due 



to the same source 1 



ll aKo includes 



installations designed to carry the pro- 
ducts of Combustion of oil and gas fuels. 

Records on installations of genuine 
w r ought iron in this type service definitely 

point OUt that it has no Superior anion 

the ferrous metals ordinarih used. 



6. PROCESSING SOU TI<»iS, 

Fl WES \\l> VAPORS OF 

\ IKIOI S TYPES 

I'm • ause of the wide \ arial ion in I hi 

corrosive eff< i I of proofing or chemical 

solutions, fumes and vapors on ferrous 

metals, ii u im|>< ible to even attempt 
to make _•• n< ral statem< ats regarding 

material lection. In each casi there is 

1 .hi individual problem 



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6)— Beer cooling tank welded from Byrs Wrougbi Iron plat.* in 
1933 for I iebmann Breweries, Inc., Brooklyn, N. ^ 



I) — I ii<lcrs<round oil storage tank fabrii ati 'I bj welding from I * \ < ' 

plates for a larj/< industrial planl 



and material selection musi be made ac- 
i ..nliim to the corrosive conditions and 
other Limiting factors encountered in the 
particular insinuation. For those installa- 
tions, how* \ or, where the more widely used 

ferrous metals can l>e considered genuine 

WTOUghl iron can be relied upon to '/wr 

most satisfactory Ben ice. 



As a matter of interest the installations 
of genuine wrought iron plates and sheets 
shown in the photographs have been 
assigned a numlter indicating the general 
classification under which the type or 
types of corrosion encountered will fall. 

ObvinusK. -nine of the installations will 

he subjected to corrosive influences that 

come under two or more classifications 

and in such cases more than out 1 Dumber 
has been assigned to the photograph. 

In addition to corrosion and vibration 

fatigue resistance genuine wrought iron 
ha- certain other inherent characteristics 

which enhance its desirability for man> 

uses. One of these is it> superior welda- 




II 



(3 A 4)-Th< ' trough- on the C M Si P. A P H l< hridg 

over Fond du Lac Avenui \Iil»auk-' w>t>- m;«l .f i Wrought 

Iron pi I and' 



bility, a quality due principally to the pre- Many engineers are overcoming this haz- 

sence of the slag which is an excellent flux. ard by specifying the material as "gen- 



uine wrought iron" and in many cases as 
"wrought iron as manufactured by A. M. 
Byers Company.' 



Whenever possible it is suggested that 



Another most important characteristic 
of genuine wrought iron is its ability to 
take on a heavier and more adherent 
coating, such as galvanizing, than other 
metals. The reason for this is that when use be made of specifications sponsored 

the metal is pickled in acid the iron on by recognized engineering bodies, such as 

the surface is eaten away leaving the slag 
fibres unaffected. This produces a rela- Board. For example, in drawing up spec- 

tively rough surface which provides a ifications involving genuine wrought iron 



M 



good anchorage for the coating. 

Genuine wrought iron is also easy to 
machine or forge. Due to the presence of 
the slag fibres a machined surface will 



plates, many large users state that the 
plates shall be furnished in accordance 
with the latest revision of A.S.T.M. 
Standard Specifications for Wrought Iron 



ordinarily be slightly rougher than that Plates— A.S.T.M. Designation A 42. This 

of metals having a granular or crystal- is an excellent specification and its use 

line structure. will assure the purchaser of receiving only 

In some instances a loosely phrased the highest quality material 



specification permits of either wilful or 



Space does not permit a detailed dis- 



unintentional substitution of some other cussion or photographs of all the services 

metal for a service where the specifier 



intended wrought iron should be used. 



Wroug 
being 



used, but where 



(6)_S,m ril i the twelve TOOd - illon yeasl tubs Fabricated l>\ welding from 

ers Wroughl Iron platee ready f<»r installation in the new di-.iill<<r> built b> 

Hiram Walker, (ioodrrham & Wort-. Ltd.. of Canada, at Peoria, Illinois. 







Sheets are now 
there is an obvious need of a more lasting 
material than that now being used let us 
help you investigate the possibilities of 
genuine wrought iron before you complete 
your specification. A. M. Byers Company 
offers without cost or obligation the ser- 
vices of their Engineering Service De- 
partment, a division of the company 
established for the purpose of studying 
practical field applications of wrought 
iron. The reference library of the Engin- 
eering Service Department is believed to 
be the largest collection of data on 
wrought iron in existence. 

Whether \ou write or telephone a dis- 

1 

tributor of Byers platen the nearest 

Byers division office or the Engineering 

Service Department, V M. livers Com- 
pany, Pittsburgh. Pa.. >our request will 
receive prompt attention. 



12 



ROLLING LIMITS OF BVERS GENUINE WROUGHT IRON PLATES 



STANDARD SHEARED PLATES 



Thickness 
in 
Inch 



3 16 
1 I 

5 16 
3 8 

7 L6 

1/2 

M/16 

5 8 

11/16 

3 1 

7/8 

1 



in 
Inch 



7/16 
12 
9/ 1 6 
5 8 
II 16 
3 1 
7/8 
1 



Widths and Lengths in Inches 



81 



78 



300 

300 
210 

24 

210 
210 
216 
192 
168 
144 



300 
300 
360 
210 
280 
280 
210 
216 
192 
168 
141 



72 



300 
300 
300 
360 
280 
300 
280 
240 
216 
192 
168 
141 



66 1 


60 


54 

360 


50 


48 


42 


- 

360 


360 


360 


420 


120 


360 


360 


-120 


420 


120 


480 


360 


420 


420 


420 


180 


480 


360 


420 


420 


420 


480 


480 


300 


300 


300 


300 


360 


360 


300 


300 


300 


300 


300 


300 


280 


280 


280 


280 


280 


280 


240 


210 


240 


210 


210 


240 


216 


216 


216 


216 


216 


216 


192 


192 


192 


192 


192 


192 ! 


168 


168 


168 


168 


168 


168 


111 


144 


1 1 1 1 


| 141 


111 


111 | 



EXTRA LONG SHEARED PLATES 

(These special plates carry length extras and are suggested only 
where design limitation prohibits use of standard sheared plates.) 



Thickness 



Widths and Lengths in Inches 



80 


78 


72 


360 


360 


360 


360 


360 


360 


360 


360 


360 


360 


360 


360 


300 


300 


300 


240 


240 


240 


210 


240 


210 


216 


216 


216 



66 



60 



360 
360 
360 
360 
300 
240 
240 
216 



420 
120 

360 
360 
300 
210 
240 
216 



36 



120 
480 

480 
480 
360 
300 
280 
240 
216 
192 
168 
111 



54 

120 


50 


48 


42 


36 


420 


480 


180 


180 


420 


420 


180 j 


180 


180 


360 


360 


360 


360 


360 


360 


360 1 


360 


360 


360 


300 


300 


300 


300 


300 


240 


210 


210 


210 


240 


2 10 


210 


210 


210 


210 


216 


216 1 


216 


216 


216 



30 



480 
180 
360 
360 
300 
210 
210 
216 



UNIVERSAL PLATES 



SPECIAL FORMING PLATES 



Thick- I 


Widths and Lengths in Inches 


11CS9 




in 










Inches 


30 29 


28 27 

i 


26 22 

f 


21/18 


17/15 

720 


14 13 


.) 8 


720 


720 


720 


720 


720 


11 16 


720 


720 


720 


720 


720 


720 


3/ 1 


660 


660 


660 


720 


720 


720 


7/8 


600 


600 


600 


660 


660 


660 


1 


510 


540 


540 


600 


600 


600 



(Widths and Thickness gauges same as 
those shown for Sheared Plates.) 



Maximum Lengths: 

3% to 4% Tran^erse 
5% to 6% Transverse 
7% to 8% Transverse 



Elongation — 216" 
Elongation— 168" 
Klongation — 120" 



WEIGHT OF 

WROUGHT 

IRON PLATE 

PER 
SQUARE 

FOOT 



Thickness 






3/16 

1/4 

5/16 

3/8 

7/16 

1 12 



9/16 
5/8 
11/16 

3/ 1 



i 



7/8 



1 



Pounds 



7 . 50 



1 00 



12.50 



1.5.00 



17.50 



20 . 00 



22 . 50 



25 . 00 



27 . 50 



30 . 00 



13/16 32.50 



35 . 00 



15/16 37.50 



10 . 00 



All Byera Genuine Wrought Iron Plates are furnished to thi< kness gauge only and Ihe allowable tolerances are 
governed by ••Manufacturer's Standard Practice". Plates can be furnished to closer tolerances for which standard 

extras apply. 

Base Price and a card showing •"Classification of Extras for Byers Genuine Wrought Iron Plates'* may be 
ecured from any Byers Sales Engineer or by writing direct to A. M. Byers Company. Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Standard Hanged and dished tank heads are available. 

For estimating purposes the weight of genuine wrought iron may be taken as approximately 2 r f le>- than the 
weight of steel. 



i:t 



BYERS GENUINE WROUGHT IRON SHEETS 



BLACK AND GALVANIZED 



Width* 



8 jrauge 



10 

II 
12 

13 

II 
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BLACK SHEETS-MAXIMUM SIZES 



60 



132 

in 

i n 
in 
in 
i n 
in 

120 



Blue Annealed Sheets 



56 



132 
111 
I 11 
I8H 

1 56 

111 
111 
111 



51 



111 
111 
156 
180 
156 

111 
156 
150 



52 



111 
156 

156 

180 
156 

111 

1 56 

156 



1 56 
156 
156 
180 

156 

111 

1 56 
156 



50 18 to 30 



1 56 
168 
168 
180 
1 56 
156 
156 
1 56 



28 



1 56 
168 

168 
180 

156 

111 
111 
111 



156 
111 
1 56 
156 



26 


24 


114 


1 56 


1 56 


168 


1 56 


168 


180 


180 



1 56 

L56 

1 56 

1 56 






18 20 gauge 
2 1-22 



23-24 
25-27 

28 



ft • 









Widtl 



i» 



Hot Rolled \nnealed Sheets 



\ 



18 to 43 



120 

120 

00 






42 to 37 



120 

120 

126 

96 



36 to 31 



ill 
111 

ill 
ill 
111 



30 to 21 



I II 
111 
I II 
111 
111 



(VIA WIZED SHEETS— MAXIMl M SIZES 



10-11 

i5-n 

17-20 

21 
26 



MIL 















Wicit) 



i 









- 



\ 



\ 



1« to 13 



I 11 
111 
120 
120 



12 to 37 



111 

111 

120 

120 
120 

9( 



6 to 31 



I 11 
I 11 
111 
111 
120 
120 
120 



30 to 21 



111 
111 
111 
I 11 
111 
111 
I II 



B\ei> (ientiin Wrought Iron Corrugated I ling an«l Sidiiu 
Sin l» l<> to _8 gauge ar- lYailabie Black or <ial\ mi/ I. aHJl 

ither 1 , 4 . 2 1 o Of 3 inch < on . ..lion 



I f 



BYERS GENUINE WROUGHT IRON PRODUCTS 



Plates 
Sheets 
Pipe 



Slructurals 

Bar Iron 

Rivets 



Standard Flanged and Dished Tank Head 

Special Bending Pipe 

Welding Fittings 

Forging Billets 

Culverts 



15 



A. M. BYERS COMPANY 



PLANTS 



Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 
6th and Bingham Streets 



Ambridge 

Beaver County, Pennsylvania 



DIVISION OFFICES 



Houston, Texas 

Niels-Esperson Build nig 



New York, N. Y. 

30 Rockefeller Centt I 



Philadelphia, Pa 
Morris Building 



Boston, Mass. 
Consolidated Building 



Chicago, 111. 
Con was Building 



Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Clark Building 



St. Louis, Mo. 

Arcade Building 



Washington, D. C. 
Munsey Building 



IM <*-!• 



Priii I* I in I S V 



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